Moon arrested for kidnapping a female student for three days
Kyunghyang Shinmun Daily News – July 15, 1955, Seoul
Six people arrested and detained then sent to court in Unification Church affair
통일교회 교주 문(文鮮明-三六) 씨 외 五명의 교회간부를 구속취조 중이던 치안국특수 정보과에서는 수사에 일단락을 짓고 피의자 전원六명을 十三일 하오 검찰청에 구속 송치하였다
Concerning Unification Church leader Mr Moon (Moon Sun Myung, 36) and the five key officers of the church, who are now in detention and are being interrogated at the Public Peace National Special Intelligence Bureau, the first stage of the criminal investigation has been completed. On the afternoon of the thirteenth [of July], all six suspects were sent to be held in detention by the Public Prosecutor’s Office.
▲ 文鮮明 Moon Sun Myung (教主 church leader) = 兵役法達反 Acting against the Military Service Law and 不法監禁 Wrongful imprisonment [of a female student for three days].
▲ 劉孝元 Eu Hyo won (幹部 cadre) = 公文書偽造 Counterfeiting of official documents
▲ 劉孝敏 Eu Hyo-min (cadre) = 國家保安法達反 Acting against National Security law
▲ 劉孝永 Eu Hyo-young (cadre) = 兵役法 맟 國家保安法達反 Acting against Military Service and National Security laws
▲ 金元弼 Kim Won-pil (cadre) = 兵役法達反 Acting against Military Service law
▲ 催淳實 Choi Soon-shil = (女信徒 a female believer) 淫行媒介 being instrumental in the conduct of immoral sexual acts.
이들은 서울지검 강 (姜瑞龍) 검사의 취조를 받게되었다 한다
These people have been undergoing formal interrogation by public prosecutor Kang (姜瑞龍 Kang Seo-yong) of the Seoul District Public Prosecutor’s Office.
The name of the female university student that Moon imprisoned is not known.
Soon-shil Choi with Moon
Dong-A Ilbo, July 7, 1955
注目끄는統 一 教會 「文教主」行狀
He pretended to be the son of God
There were many sexually abused women.
The Unification Church is being investigated and Moon, the leader of the sect, has been charged.
Diary of UC President Hyo-won Eu, who was involved in the Ewha ‘7.4 incident’. (July 4 incident) “In his position as president of our family in Korea for 15 years, he wrote almost daily in his diary, reporting to Father and making a plan for the following day.”
Excerpts from Eu’s 1955 diary. Edited by the UC.
[Note: In this diary Hyo-won Eu, or UC editors, changed some women into men.]
Translated by Rev. David Kwanil Hwang. From Tong-il Segye, July 1980
Hyo-won Eu refers to 催淳實 / 催淳実 Choi Soon-shil as Sung Sil Choi
Hyo-won Eu’s diary: “May 11, 1955. Lecturing all day to people whom Kyung Ku led to the center. Four people from Ewha University were expelled from the dormitory. I came downstairs and saw Kil Ja [Sa – later blessed to Hyo Won Eu], Mong Sa, Mee Shik [Shin – later blessed to Papasan Choi] and Myung Jin [Seo] eating. Everyone was smiling. After the evening service was over I tried to bring them to Mr. Yang’s house to stay there. I was so impressed by their determination. I wrote a petition to the professors of the school at their request.”
Here is Mr. Yang. Her name is Yang Yoon-yeong. She was a music professor at Ewha Woman’s University, and was also involved with music at Yonsei University. Her house was located mid way between Ewha and Yonsei Universities. Hyo-won Eu often taught DP at her house. Myung-hee Kim lived there for a while, before going to Japan to give birth to Moon’s child, Hee-jin (August 17, 1955).
Hyo-won Eu’s diary: “July 4, 1955 (day of great persecution) Today I determined to die seven times. In the evening, the newsmen came again, scurrying around, taking pictures of Teacher. Shortly afterwards, Investigator Oh and Chief Investigator Kim came over to ask Teacher to come to the station in order to tape an interview. Young Oon [Kim] and I followed them. We went into different rooms.”
Hyo-won Eu: “July 5. We bought all the newspapers. The story in the papers was very dirty… We were interrogated for evading the draft and for illegally confining people. Sitting all day with an empty stomach, I even forgot about being tired.”
“July 11. I encouraged Kyung Gu [Yu], Hwan Chai [Hwang – both were male students from Yonsei University] and the students from Ewha. I asked everybody to meet at Yang’s house [she was a professor from Ewha Woman’s University], with unity and love. At 4:30 I prepared for life in jail, and went to the investigation station. I also saw Sung Sil Choi being interrogated. He also was arrested. I was arrested at the East Gate station.”
[Sung Sil Choi is Ms. Soon-shil Choi, who is a young woman and not a man. Hyo Won Eu saw Ms. Soon-shil Choi – accused of being involved in immoral sexual acts – at the police station.]
Hyo-won Eu: “July 13. I was sent by a detective to the Chong No station. Already Teacher [Moon] and Sung Sil were there. When Teacher, Attorney Choi and the detective were going to take the taxi to the local court, many family members surrounded us. Hyo Min [Eu] and Hyo Young [Eu] were with them too. Yung Suk Pak [a student from Ewha] was looking at me very sympathetically. When we were almost ready to leave, one of my nephews called out, “Uncle, what happened to you?” He was crying. When the car left, he hit the window. Their faces looked at us with so much longing, so I told them there was nothing to worry about.”
“We became so tired, waiting in the Pigeon’s Ground. Teacher’s right wrist and my left wrist were bound tightly together. We were led to the examining room. Mr. Han, Mother Oak [Se-hyun Ok], Chong Bok, Han Yong, Hwan Chai and Kyung Gu were trying to follow us. We all ate the food brought by our family. When all six, including Sung Sil [Soon-shil Choi], were being bound together, Teacher said, “They are making us eternally inseparable. We determine to fight unto death.” When I heard these words I was glad and happy. He looked at me and added, “Hyo Won, you are having a hard time, aren’t you?” I told him, “Because of our mistakes, we got you into trouble as well.” With 30 other prisoners, we were sent to the West Gate prison. Some time after midnight, we arrived at Building 6, Ward 9, Cell 380.”
Hyo-won Eu: “July 29. Again, as on the first day, five of us were bound together with Teacher and were sent before Judge Kang [姜瑞龍 Kang Seo-yong]. All family members were with us, too. I said to myself, “Bind us together forever.”
“Son Yung Sohn touched me. I asked him to greet Teacher. Teacher told him, “Pray a lot.” When we got into the car, they didn’t let us sit next to the window. I couldn’t understand how their minds could be so hard. I saw that some investigators were envious of our passionate love and our family’s efforts. They are our strength and shelter. Kwang Yul’s [Kwang-Yol Yoo] brother-in-law came to visit us. I couldn’t forget the impression of a lady waving her hands beside Kae Sun. Why couldn’t I remember her name? This is my shortcoming. Mr. Choi came over, but I couldn’t see him. Chung Su Choi came from Wan Ju, greeting me with tears. They were our family who wanted to share our persecution.”
“So finally 22 days passed since our arrest, and we were brought to trial. The first trial was at 10:00 at the local courtroom in Seoul, courtroom 4. The judge was Hak No Yoon. He was actually the chief judge. In the afternoon session, Judge Se Yong Kang gave the following sentence: “Teacher, 2 years; Hyo Won, 2 years; the other members, 1 year each.” ”
Hyo-won Eu (right) with Moon in the mid 1950s
Gil Ja Sa Eu (the wife of Hyo-won Eu)
When numerous students and several outstanding professors became Unification Church members, they were given an ultimatum: Leave the Unification Church or leave Ewha University. Mrs. Gil Ja Eu wrote:
… fourteen of us were called to the office of the dean of students. The dean told us, ‘The Unification Church is heresy, and they dance around in the nude. You mustn’t go there.’ We answered, ‘We haven’t even danced fully clothed, much less nude. If we wanted to dance, we would go to a dance hall. Why should we go to church to dance?’ But she said, ‘That’s not true. You don’t know because you’re not in very deeply yet. If you keep going, they will make you take your clothes off and dance.’ (from ‘My Testimony’ by Gil Ja Sa Eu, page 27 – an essay in the Unification Theological Seminary Library, Barrytown, New York.)
Chong-hwa Pak said this about Moon’s 1955 trial:
“Thanks to the members in Seoul, Korea, who out of desperation committed perjury and destroyed evidence, [Moon] was said to be acquitted. But the facts had roots. He would otherwise have had a long prison sentence.”
The focus of the police investigation into the Unification Church was group sex. Unless the police had evidence or witnesses they could only bring the lesser charges listed in the Kyunghyang Shinmun Daily News.
Dong-A Ilbo, July 6th 1955.
A leading Seoul newspaper reported that, “According to the investigative reports, he [Moon] did not follow military conscription procedure and also overstated his age at 43 rather than 36. [The reports said] it was found that he illegally imprisoned [a 22-year-old female student] for three days and forced her to adopt the new religion.” Investigation of Korean-American Relations, Report of the Subcommittee on International Organizations, Committee on International Relations, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, October 31, 1978, 447 pages. Page 353 (Moon’s arrest by South Korean Police)
Robert B Boettcher from his book “Gifts of Deceit” page 35:
“Rumors reached the American Embassy [in Seoul] that Moon was a ritual womanizer. Reportedly, young girls underwent sexual initiation into his cult; he would thus purge them of the Satanic spirits that inhabited Eve and lead them to the Divine Principle. He was jailed for three months in 1955 by South Korean authorities on charges reported by newspapers and government agencies as draft evasion, forgery, “pseudo-religion,” and false imprisonment of a university coed compelled to adopt his religion.” ref: Investigation of Korean-American Relations, October 31, 1978, Page 353 (Moon’s arrest by South Korean Police)
Dong-A Ilbo, July 14th 1955
A week later, the newspaper said “evidence of some seven incidents of adultery with female adherents has come to light” but that prosecution could not proceed unless husbands filed complaints. Five followers of Moon were also reported to have been arrested. ” Investigation of Korean-American Relations October 31, 1978, Page 353 (Moon’s arrest by South Korean Police)
Eileen Barker The Making of a Moonie: Brainwashing or Choice? (1984) pages 42 and 265
“But the following year Moon was imprisoned again. The Unificationists say that this was on a trumped-up charge of draft evasion, but it has also been reported that he was charged with ‘injuring public morals’, or, according to another account, that ‘his indictment was initially draft dodging but was later changed to adultery and promiscuity.’ Similar rumors (which persist to this day in Korea)31 alleged that he was engaging in ritual sexual practices. … The Unification Church, however, persists in its assertion that Moon was never arrested on sexual charges.
Note 31 In conversations with scores of non-Unificationist Koreans the first information I have been given about the Unification Church has, in almost every instance, been that Moon engages (or has engaged) in immoral sexual practices with his followers.”
James Huntley Grayson: Korea – A Religious History (New York: Routledge Curzon, 1989, revised 2002)
page 210: “In July 1955, Mun was imprisoned for gross immorality, but was subsequently released.”
page 211: “As one of the most important functions of the Lord of the Second Advent is the physical restoration of mankind, Mun selects suitable marital partners for the faithful and conducts sacred ceremonies of marriage in large groups. It should be noted with regard to the purging of physical sin that Mun has been accused of acts of gross immorality which are denied by church authorities.”
Professor Emeritus James H. Grayson BA (Rutgers), MA (Columbia), MDiv (Duke), PhD (Edinburgh)
“The South Korean government arrested Moon in 1955 for allegedly conducting more sexual “purification” rites, according to several U.S. intelligence reports which are now public. Moon was freed three months later because none of the young women would testify for fear of public humiliation, according to an undated FBI summary, released under a Freedom of Information Act request.
“During the next two years in the national news media of South Korea, Rev. Moon was the butt of scandalist humor,” the FBI report said.”
Carlton Sherwood, Inquisition
An FBI field report alleged that Moon’s rites involved “having a nude women in a darkened room with MUN[sic] while he recited a long prayer and caressed their bodies. … At these meetings, MUN prepared special food and drink, and gathered his nude congregation into a darkened room where they all prayed for twenty-four hours.”
Newsweek June 14th 1976
“In 1948, Moon was arrested in North Korea … his opponents maintain he was jailed for practicing ritual sex. … Seven years later, after he had fled south during the Korean War and founded his Uniﬁcation Church, Moon once again ran afoul of the authorities. According to the Rev. John E.W. Kim, a Presbyterian pastor whose church was near Moon’s church in Pusan at the time, ‘Part of Moon’s theology was that women converts could only be purified by sleeping with him.’”
Rev. Won Il Chei, a leading Presbyterian minister in Seoul, says, “If we believe those who have gone into this group and come out, they say that one has to receive Sun Myung Moon’s blood to receive salvation. That blood is ordinarily received by three periods of sexual intercourse.”
Chong Sun Kim Rev. Sun Myung Moon (1978)
University Press of America, Inc., Washington, D.C.
ISBN 0-8191-0494-9 Library of Congress Number 78-52115
“Based on the public lecture given by Professor Shin Sa-hun of the Department of Religious Studies at Seoul University, Moon seems to have indulged in a shaman-flavored sexual ritual with one of his young women. According to Shin, Moon confined and starved a woman for three days, while reciting prayers over her. The fasting aspect of the rite is reminiscent of fertility legends in which the male-god is identified as nourishing food. Moon dressed himself and his companion in white clothes and then flashed on bright lights.(17) The white clothes symbolize the savior’s purity, and the lights symbolize the inner light of the Jesus figure.”
(17) Shin Sa-hun, “T’ongil kyo ŭi Chŏngch’ae wa kŭ Bip’an,” (lecture in Seoul, May 4, 1975), page 2.
Soon-shil Choi and Soon-wha Choi were sisters. Their mother was Lee Deuk-sam and their father was Seong-mo Choi (1909-1976). Soon-wha Choi is the mother of Sam Park.
The ‘Mr. Choi’ mentioned in Hyo Won Eu’s diary entry for July 29 could be Mr. Seong-mo Choi. He had lost two daughters and his wife, Duk-sam Lee, to Moon. He always hoped that his wife would return, but she never did. Seong-mo Choi was a very wealthy man and he made arrangements for his daughter to be released from jail. Chong-hwa Pak and others have explained this point.
Interview by Mariah Blake for Mother Jones magazine:
“According to [Soon-wha] Choi, Moon persuaded her mother, whose husband owned one of Korea’s largest insurance companies, that their family played a special role in God’s plan: Just like Jacob, who married two women and had children by them and their handmaids, Moon would marry both of her daughters, and they would give birth to the world’s first sin-free children. Choi’s mother was so devoted to this vision that in 1954 she sold one of the family’s homes and gave the proceeds to Moon. Soon thereafter, he opened a church in Seoul and his movement began to flourish.” (published in the December 2013 edition)
金明熙 Kim Myung-hee and 催淳実 Choi Soon-shil, the sister of 催淳華 Choi Soon-wha.
Hyo-won Eu’s diary: “September 28, 1955. In the morning, the bamboo pen broke. Kyung Gyu Yoo came to visit us. He told us, “With Teacher you are all going to be released today.” But we were still in a very uncertain mood. In the evening, Won Pil Kim, looking out through his window cried out, “This evening?” “Yes,” I answered with a loud voice, but I wasn’t sure. Thirty minutes later, there was still no news, and we went to bed. After we fell asleep, we finally heard the rattling noise of a door being opened and somebody shouting, “380, come out with your belongings.”
Chang Whan Lee was helping us pack. I gave him underwear, shirts and socks. More than ten came out, but I couldn’t see Teacher. When I went to his room 29, he was already looking in my direction. I said, “Why only me?” Teacher said, “Go as quickly as possible; that’s the way it is.” But I couldn’t turn away. I shed tears. I wanted to go back in. When I came out of jail, I saw Soo Yung. When Wol Sun greeted me, Tong Suk held my hands very tightly. We returned to the church by jeep. There were Hyun Sil [Kang], Chung Sook, Ok Bong, Un Ja Hwang, Tong Chol’s mother, Young Oon Kim, Kwang Yul [Kwang-Yol Yoo] and Bang Ul Kim.”
Young-oon Kim with Moon in the 1950s
Young-oon Kim is mentioned in Hyo-won Eu’s diary entries for July 4 and September 28. She was interviewed by the police in July. She never spoke about the sexual scandals and pikareum rituals when she was a missionary in the USA, or when she was a respected professor at UTS. When she was dying of cancer, in 1989, she returned to Korea. There has never been a record of a seung-hwa (UC funeral) ceremony for this significant church member. It has been reported that at the end of her life she said she regretted her ‘cleansing’ relationship with Moon.
It has also never been explained why some of the male members were suddenly released from jail, or declared innocent. Moon had relationships with a number of wealthy women. For example, Se-hyun Ok, Duk-sam Lee and Deacon Oh Myung-choon. Deacon Oh was one of the key women who provided funds at the time of the 1955 trial.
One relative of a member was a policeman. Deuk-jin Kim’s brother-in-law worked in the central police station. His name was Kim Sun-hwan. Through him access to the members in jail was relatively easy. (Deuk-jin Kim wrote many of the ‘Holy Songs’.)
Moon was able to purchase the Chong-pa Dong property in October 1955.
“The entire movement was built on a lie” Annie Choi, also known as Soon-wha Choi.
“[Soon-wha] Choi joined Moon’s church along with her mother [Deuk-sam Lee] and sister [Choi Soon-shil] in the early 1950s.” From an interview with Mariah Blake in Mother Jones, December 2013.
Joong-Hyun Choe, Ph.D.
1993 thesis: The Korean War and messianic groups: Two cases in contrast
“… the UC did become a pariah group in the eyes of the very population which it had been trying to convert. From the time of Moon’s arrest on July 4. 1955, the UC began to rapidly lose its access to South Koreans in general and South Korean Christians in particular. The reason might be that a majority of Koreans, even after an unprecedented disaster like the Korean War, were not prepared for such ritual sex as was reportedly conducted by the UC members. … Comments on the topic itself by news media may have been enough to deal a fatal blow to a coterie whose membership was not sufficiently large. Headlines of a few newspaper articles may be enough to illustrate the atmosphere which the UC faced after the arrest of its founder:
“Misleading women into fornication through eloquence?”
Seoul-sinmun, July 6, 1955. page 3
“Four married women were violated?”
Seoul-sinmun, July 7, 1955. page 3
“Once involved in such a controversy, the UC’s still meager means of communication with the general population of South Korea could not but be fatally damaged. The very survival of the UC as a group was in danger. Even barely surviving as an outcast group might not be easy. After July 4, 1955, the UC became a representative example in almost every discussion of ‘sagyo’ (literally, a ‘wicked religion’); and thus the history of the UC in Korea since then has become one of struggles with this undesired image.”
“The title of a book (Chang 1957A) written in 1956 by a UC member and published in 1957, T’ongilkyohoeui Chongch’e: Sagyonya Idaninya? [Real Identity of the Unification Church: A wicked Religion or A Heresy?], is suggestive of the situation in which the UC members may have found themselves during the period following July 4, 1955.”