Hyo-won Eu told them the real story of Sun Myung Moon
Hyo-won Eu walked with a stick because of his health problems. Here he is outside the “House of Three Doors” after a Sunday service in late 1954 or early 1955.
Hyo-won Eu first joined in December 1953 in Pusan.
In the fall of 1953 he studied Moon’s early (1952) version of the Divine Principle and was intrigued by it.
These photos are of the version of DP that was written in Pusan in 1951-1952. It was never published as a book. It was contained in two hand-written notebooks. There are about four or five of these notebooks remaining.
How did Moon treat Hyo-won Eu?
Moon: “When our church was just starting, for three years and eight months, President Eu Hyo-won lectured eighteen hours a day at Cheongpa-dong even though his health was very poor. I’m telling you that I had a sickly man continue to lecture for forty-four months, eighteen hours a day. It set a tradition and that’s why we lectured for two days, finishing both parts [of the Divine Principle] in two days.
It must have been very hard. As the lecturer, he may have felt pain in his lungs and in other parts of his body, but when he was not lecturing Divine Principle, I would say, “Hey! You are a trumpeter of Heaven’s will; you have to lecture if asked, even for eighteen hours. The spirit world is preparing to speak now. How can you possibly be like this? Get to work!” We did things in that way for all those months. It’s a record.”
Syn-duk Choi was an Associate Professor of Sociology at Ewha Women’s University in Seoul. She received her undergraduate education in Korea at Ewha and did graduate work in social science at the University of Chicago where she received an M.A. degree in 1957. After her return she served as Advisor in the Education Division of USOM, and in 1961 accepted an assistant professorship at Tanguk University. In 1963 she joined the faculty of Ewha University. Professor Choi has written books and reports on Korean-American subjects and on the dating attitudes of Korean college students. She is now engaged in an anthropological study of Korean village life. She was once an active member of the Tong-il church [Unification Church] and was closely associated with Moon Sun-myung. In 1967 she wrote this:
“… In December, 1953 Moon happened to meet Mr. Eu Hyo-won (who is now the executive director of the church). They had a great deal in common and were so pleased with their mutual understanding that they tried to establish a church. Finally on May 1, 1954, they announced the establishment of their church under the name of the Holy Spirit Association for Unification of World Christianity located at 391 Puk Hak Dong, Seoul.
The organization of the Tong-il church is so systematic that one thinks of communists. They pose as “heavenly communists.” Their headquarters is located in Seoul. Mr. Eu Hyo-won is the executive head of the Holy Spirit Association. Under his leadership is: (1) The administrative section, which deals with general affairs, cultural affairs, rural districts, and business affairs; (2) the student section, which includes departments for middle school students, high school students, young children, and Sunday school students; and the national network. There are provincial heads, “Kun” or district heads, “Myon” or sub-district heads, “Li” or village heads, and individual evangelists. Thus the Tong-il faith has been spread throughout the country to every small village.
Seoul is on the provincial level, and its organization is as follows: it consists of three districts. The first district is the Youth Division, the second district is the Men’s Division, and the third district is the Women’s Division. The Youth Division in turn is subdivided into two areas, a girls, division and a boys, division. Then each sub-division is divided into three groups. For the boys,Seoul National University students take the lead, and for the girls Ewha University students take the lead. The second and the third districts are divided into three areas respectively, and each of these areas is subdivided into three groups. One group consists of about twelve persons. One area consists of 36 persons and one district consists of 108.
Special emphasis is put on youth in the Tong-il Church. They don’t expect much from those above forty. Old people over forty, they think, should regard themselves as the sacrifices offered on the altar to bring the kingdom of heaven on earth through Mr. Moon.
There is a communication system formed between the members so that they can act immediately in matters which concern them all, such as passing on information, acting on Moon’s direction or responding to some urgent notice by the church. Each group in its respective district has its own weekly meeting, and has many activities besides studying their principles.
Training Meetings for Orientation
They have several peculiar practices of their own: In order to provide many evangelists for the church, they frequently hold training meetings. A national meeting is usually held for forty days. During this period they have the participants master their principles and do many drills. They lodge them together for that period, as in the military service, so that they can learn to endure all the difficulties they will have to face, mentally as well as physically, while doing their evangelistic work.”
The above extract is from her article, KOREA’S TONG-IL MOVEMENT in Transactions of the Royal Asiatic Society No. 43 (1967)
Hyo-won Eu’s cousin, Shin-hee Eu, explains about his death
“One day my cousin Eu Hyo-won was giving a sincere lecture about the teachings to his audience, giving it with sweat and passion, meanwhile Sun Myung Moon was flirting with the women. So Eu Hyo-won was more popular and respected by the female members. My cousin, Eu Hyo-won, thought he could have lived longer if he had not been operated on. Since Eu Hyo-won had studied medicine at university in his home town, he knew his condition well [a bone disease] and that he might die if he had the surgery. He hated the idea and refused the operation.
However, Sun Myung Moon was afraid because people were saying “if he is the real messiah, he should be able to cure any disease”. It is a fact that there were such voices. So Hyo-won was reluctantly forced to have the operation, and he died. Since Eu Hyo-won was loved by many people, Moon’s worry about being deprived of a seat at the top was gone. Moon certainly felt relieved.”
Further details of Hyo-won Eu’s last days in hospital are confirmed by Pastor Kim Deuk-jin:
“Pastor Kim Deuk-jin, after reading the objection by the UC in Japan, spoke firmly as follows, “What do the newcomers to the church know? In 1970, Mr. Eu Hyo-won, who was one of the major leaders died in a hospital in Seoul. I happened to meet him by chance in the hallway of that hospital one week before he passed away, and spoke with him in his hospital room. It was a hot day. We talked about Sun Myung Moon and shed tears together.”
“After Mr. Eu Hyo-won’s passing, his younger brother [Eu Hyo-young], and his younger sister [Eu Shin-hee] left the Unification Church because Eu Hyo-won had told them the real story of Sun Myung Moon. I am not lying, or trying to deceive anyone in my testimony.”
“Finally I broke with the Unification Church and left in 1971. I had been the second secretary to Sun Myung Moon. I worked very hard; my existence was like that of a shadow. Leaving the group was a secondary issue for me.
Pak Chong-hwa, who was the very first secretary, was betrayed by Sun Myung Moon in this way [explained earlier]. I was the second secretary who left because my life was so difficult, and Song Do-wook was the third, and he also left. Eu Hyo-won, who gave distinguished service to the church with his wisdom, has died.
It is thought-provoking to look at these facts and consider if this was the plan of God, or the plan of Sun Myung Moon.”
Myung-hee Kim said Hyo-won Eu: “reorganized the Principle.” He asked Moon many questions about things in the 1952 Divine Principle that did not seem clear. Moon was not always able to give satisfactory answers.
Hyo-won Eu’s funeral in 1970.
Hyo-won Eu, who wrote the DP, jailed for document forgery
36 Couples – many left the Unification Church
See the testimonies of Hyo-min Eu and Deuk-jin Kim on video:
Myung-hee Kim talks about Hyo-won Eu